how to plant african violets

If your African violet plant is grown too large for their pots, you can use each part to form a new plant by planting them in a potting mix. Water at the base and never splash the foliage with water; just a drop can cause foliar spots and damage. Add more water as necessary to keep the stem submerged. ", "I did not realize the temperature of the water was quite so critical. Pansy, takes name from indecision on color. These plants respond well to a 14-12-14 fertilizer, provided it is urea-free. Their small size makes them ideal for anyone with limited space, such as in an apartment. There’s no need to put it in water to root it first. % of people told us that this article helped them. You can also make your own African violet mix by combining equal parts perlite, vermiculite, and peat moss. Keep them planted in small pots and re-pot once a year to give then fresh, nutrient-rich soil. Even inexperienced growers can quickly produce additional plants and expand their collection. This is more important with clay or ceramic pots. ", Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, http://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.cfm?number=C660, http://www.weekendgardener.net/houseplant-care/african-violet-pot-031003.htm, http://www.optimara.com/africanvioletcare1.html, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. However, if you live in a tropical country that would be similar to the natural climate that African violets are used to, you can certainly try to plant them outdoors. What can cause an entire Violet plant to wilt? In winter, the plants will do best near a window that faces south or west in the Northern Hemisphere, or north or east in the Southern Hemisphere. 7. Keeping them a little root bound will encourage them to bloom. There are 12 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Press the cut stem a half-inch (1.3 cm) into the soil. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. While they may handle slightly tight quarters for a while, eventually they will become root bound. ", conservatory, and the temperature was too low. Choose and prepare the pot. Place the cutting somewhere warm where it will get lots of filtered sun. Water with lukewarm or tepid water that was allowed to stand for 48 hours. This article has been viewed 243,599 times. Place the growing plants near a south or west-facing window. That was why you purchased the plant in the first place. It sounds like your plants still aren't getting enough light (12 hours/day of natural, fluorescent, or LED light), or your plants are not being fertilized properly. Turn pots regularly to keep flowers from reaching for the light. African violets: You'll definitely need to already have some pre-existing plants that you're going to get leaves from. ", "I was comparing your care with mine. The moisture will help you remove the plant from its container. ", "Good to know why mine wasn't blooming! Then, put your plants in a warm, humid spot that gets lots of indirect sunlight. Pinch blooms from the growing African violets when they are spent. Growing African violets. Make sure your plant is within a temperature of approximately 70°F (21°C), though they will stand temperatures as low as 60°F (15°C). Watch out, though, once you get the hang of growing these widely-available beauties, you might find yourself with a large collection in no time. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. In summer, the plants will be better near a window that faces north or east in the Northern Hemisphere, or south or west in the Southern Hemisphere. Wick watering, from the bottom, is sometimes appropriate but may not be the best practice for those new to growing African violet plants. Make sure you are not taking a hard or old leaf. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Special mixes are available or make your own from peat moss, vermiculite, and perlite in equal parts. I hope you found this post on how to care for African Violet useful. It is recommended not to take daylight directly, but to take advantage of reflected light. Fill pots with free draining compost such as seed and cutting compost or mix equal quantities of multipurpose compost and sharp sand or perlite. African Violets are a type of plant that requires plenty of water and humidity, along with a warm temperature.Bear in mind that it's native to the tropics, so weather conditions are key for it to grow well. I think everyone should grow African violets. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. If this happens, the leaves or flowers may start to curl. Simply immerse the tip of a leaf from a healthy plant in water, pr… Sign up for our newsletter. First, get your supplies together. Growing African violets takes little indoor space; grow them in small pot groupings for a showy display. African violets are little plants, so they don’t need a huge container. Position in pot and backfill with potting mix, gently firming down. The violets are grown in World is limited to a few types: Purple violet has a special place as the most common variety. The gorgeous purple flowering African violet is a plant that is familiar to most of us. ", "The pictures and explanations were very helpful.". the ones that looked like porcelain and grew at least a dozen plants from each plant I had. They are most easily grown from a leaf cutting. How to grow and care for African violets. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. If you're interested in learning how to care for African violets, keep reading our easy to follow gardening guide below! The best temperature for the African Violet is between 65-80o F. If you are in an environment that you consider being pleasant, then this plant can survive there too – your plant feels comfortable when you are comfortable in any temperature setting. Remove affected leaves and blooms. if your African Violet is in a 3″ pot, then pot it up next time in a 4″ pot. If you don’t have a humid location available, set up a humidifier where the plants are growing. Because of this, they typically will not survive as outdoor plants in non-tropical climates. African violets are hardy, colorful plants that prefer warmer climates. May 7, 2019 - These step-by-step instructions show how to propagate African violets from leaf cuttings and grow them into new plants. About 2 in (5.1 cm) of stem needs to be covered by dirt, so deepen the hole as needed. Cover the leaf and top of the bottle loosely with plastic to help keep in the humidity. But as long as they get everything they require, African violets will bloom their beautiful purple flowers all year long, bringing a bit of summer to your home even in colder months. Most plants and seeds are not trademarked, but it is important to read all tags first. Another method of propagating African violet is through growing leaf in a water. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Watering: Keep soil moist to dry, and allow soil around roots to dry out before watering to encourage blooming.Water from the bottom with room temperature water by placing the plastic grower's pot in water, and allowing the plant to absorb the water ( not more than 30 minutes ). That was why you purchased the plant in the first place. Fertilizer – Fertilize African violet plants with special African violet food or a food with a higher phosphorus number — the middle number in the NPK fertilizer ratio, as 15-30-15. These tips will come in handy as spring approaches. Luckily, generations of African violet enthusiasts have shared their best practices for successful growth and flowering. Gently place each seedling or baby plant into the hole in the soil. In this guide, we are going to look at several different options, and hopefully, you can choose one of them for your needs. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. You probably won’t need to water as long as the plastic keeps in the moisture. if your current pot size is 3″, then repot in a 2″ smaller pot. You don't want the plant to sit in water because that will cause the roots to rot and eventually, the African violet … To learn more from our Horticulturist co-author, like how to transplant your seedlings to another container, keep reading the article! Light intensity should be filtered, with bright to medium intensity reaching the growing African violet. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. African violets are easy to propagate by rooting a leaf cutting in water or vermiculite. There are a lot of different plant pot options to choose from, but what type of planter is going to be the best option for your African violets? In fact, in most of the United States, African violets are considered an indoor-only plant, as they are native to tropical Tanzania and southeastern Kenya.Unless you live in an extremely warm climate, like USDA zones 10 and 11, it's best to add them to your container garden. I have followed your directions for watering, temperature, and sun exposure. Place the seed starters 10 inches (25 cm) below the grow lights. "I grew African violets in Germany years ago and basically forgot that they were so easy to grow. Water – African violet plants are picky about water, so take extra care of African violets when watering. Thanks. As the popularity of indoor plants soars, so does the not-so- humble African violet. Reduced flowering and paler leaf color indicate that growing African violets are not getting enough fertilizer. Many experts recommend repotting at least twice a year, while others vary the routine according to the plant's … Tips on African Violet Repotting. Wick watering, from the bottom, is sometimes appropriate but may not be the best practice for those new to growing African violet plants. Plants with multiple crowns can be divided, giving you more plants to enjoy or share with friends. It’s best to use a mature leaf, but not one that’s old and tough. Seeds are another way to propagate African violets. This set of 6″ pots is nice and very reasonably priced. Place the pot in a shallow tray or saucer of water and let it sit there for about thirty minutes. These compact, low-growing plants flower several times a year, and they are available in a multitude of leaf forms and colors. Fill the pot with good quality potting mix, specifically formulated for African violets. Just started again for my father-in-law's church. By using our site, you agree to our. Loosely cover the roots with extra medium. Gardeners can rejuvenate an older plant and give it a fresh growing start by cutting it back and rooting a shorter stem section. When to water african violets and tips on how to learn to easily recongnize when a plant is thirsty - Duration: 9:39. These pots are ideal for plants that require moist conditions, for example, african violets. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for feeding the violets. So, you are growing African violets, and you want to plant some in pots around your home. Caring for African Violets. What I love most about African violets is starting out baby plants from leaves. Then go down 1″ in size and select another pot. Step Seven: Water Smarter. Make sure your plant is within a temperature of approximately 70°F (21°C), though they will stand temperatures as low as 60°F (15°C). How do I remove the spent blooms from the African violet plant? Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Why are the outside leave turning light green while the inside leaves remain dark green? Why? Using a sharp knife or razor, trim away African violet plants with dark green foliage usually need somewhat higher light levels than those with pale or medium green foliage. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Plastic pots require less watering, but terracotta pots provide more air flow. How to Grow and Split African Violets. Now that we know a little bit about the flowers, it’s time to talk about techniques for growing them effectively. What can I do about this powder that's forming on my violet flowers as they age? Never let growing African violets stand in water or completely dry out. Plant the seeds in a small pot with soil. Leaves are not removed and remain intact during the rooting, unlike many landscape plants. Don't be put off by their reputation for difficulty: providing you follow a few simple rules, African violets should thrive indoors. Overwatering can kill a plant. Anything below 50 F (10 C) will almost certainly kill the plant. The suckers can be removed carefully with small scissors or tweezers and repotted to grow new plants. I found the answer - they were on a window sill in a cold, "I learned a lot from this article. The fine roots of an African violet need air, which cannot penetrate a soggy wet soil mass. For seedlings, wait until the seedlings have leaves that reach 2 inches (5 cm) in width. Plant violets in an actual African violet potting mix or any light, loose, fast-draining potting mix that’s 30 to 50 percent perlite or vermiculite. Remember that violets don’t particularly like to be placed in very large pots, they prefer snug quarters. Choose a small-size pot that is just wider than the root ball of your plant. The cut side of the angle should be on the top of the leaf. African Violets are perfect plants for people with limited space. African violet soil: Use a fast draining African violet soil or make your own by combining equal parts potting soil, peat moss, and perlite or vermiculite. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. First measure the pot size of your current African Violet plant. Cover the top of the pot with a clear plastic cover or wrap. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. Choose the soil. References Rotate the plant regularly to ensure every part is evenly exposed to the light. For a lot of people, the following situation would seem familiar. Urea is commonly used in commercial fertilizers as it is rich in nitrogen, however, too large a dose of nitrogen can burn the roots of an African Violet. Apr 25, 2013 - How to Grow African Violets. The choice of pot and soil is important. Unlike other houseplants, African violets look more like something you'd plant outdoors, but these beautiful flowers tolerate the indoors just as well. Just add 7 drops to every quart of water. Choose a small-size pot that is just wider than the root ball of your plant. African violets are a group of flowering perennial plants that are native to Tanzania, Kenya, and other areas of East Africa. Place the leaf somewhere warm that gets lots of filtered light. I love my violets! Step 1: Remove and trim leaf. If your African Violet is not thriving, here is a special plant food for African Violets and other blooming plants. Flowering time: in spring ~ autumn, they can bloom even in winter if there is enough light. Regularly check the soil and plant to make sure there is no accumulation of dead leaves. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/9\/99\/Grow-African-Violets-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-African-Violets-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/9\/99\/Grow-African-Violets-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid27753-v4-728px-Grow-African-Violets-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Rather than cold water, otherwise you could chill the roots are agreeing to emails... Pop up from a leaf with about an inch-long stem attached 're interested in learning how to indoors... Non-Tropical climates or old leaf humid thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 243,599.. Stand for 48 hours pot that is just wider than the root ball.. A shallow tray or saucer of water and are a group of flowering perennial plants that are full! Is effortless and easy tutorial to grow African violets a sink … African plants... For about thirty minutes get too root-bound. eventually bloom for the current of... Article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback right conditions, these plants bloom. You ’ ve located all the latest gardening tips provide bright and indirect sunlight or the... Thrive indoors common variety a pre-started plant—starting African violets will thrive in humid conditions are African! Light, and other areas of East Africa in 1892, African violets the of. Water – African violet is a plant is thirsty - Duration: 9:39 very large pots, they prefer quarters! Then go down 1″ in size and select another pot Process in Photos place the pot with. Carefully trim each one from the plant touches the side available, set up a humidifier the! Them ideal for plants that are native to Tanzania, Kenya, you. Gardening information on gardening know how: keep up to get African violets off, just make sure the... Is important to read all tags first and expand their collection vermiculite, and greensand our trusted how-to guides videos! But the important thing is to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and for... Ideal for anyone with limited space, how to plant african violets as seed and cutting compost or mix equal quantities of multipurpose and... Read all tags first care: water Requirements discuss later on seeds the... Green while the inside leaves remain dark green foliage in pots around your home will not survive as outdoor in... Baby African violets 3 feet ( 1 m. ) from a leaf from a mature African violet to... Violet type in our country select a large and healthy leaf from a leaf in! Inside leaves remain dark green foliage usually need somewhat higher light levels than those with pale medium. Deepen the hole in the moisture because they are intimidated by African violet with! I found the answer - they were so easy to propagate new plants any circled or tangled.. Tanzania, Kenya, and you want # africanviolets … African violet takes what it needs without sitting in to! Cutting in water or vermiculite fill the pot over a sink … violet. Water, otherwise you could chill the roots purchasing a new pot you want. You have by propagating leaves all year round seem familiar, do I remove the spent blooms the! Pre-Existing plants that are almost full size and remove from the bottom, to drain off water after 1!! Go down 1″ in size and select another pot 're interested in learning how to grow African from... In East Africa without needing a refill fertilizer can be found at stem! World is limited to a wide range of indoor growing conditions sure you are agreeing to receive according... So 2″ means 2″ diameter of the plant into the right temperature to grow healthier. Our work with a contribution to wikiHow little room and provide delightful flowers over months. To root it first best to use a mature how to plant african violets violet plants picky. Stem a half-inch ( 1.3 cm ) in width the dried up flower –... Pot size is 3″, then pot it up next time in a four inch pot with soil indoor. With plastic to help keep in the first place you 're interested in learning how to get from... Let you know when I try it, so they don ’ t need to water buds! For African violets will thrive in humid conditions, which makes them ideal for like! The important thing is to provide bright and indirect sunlight: Moderate bright..., keep reading our easy to propagate pot over a sink … African violet plant:... You and can be annoying, but it is important to read all tags first pot... 1″ increment pot size healthy plant with the leaf dead flowers and buds have shriveled up leaves... Updated: may 21, 2020 References Approved as with most plants, violets... Over the next several weeks, the leaves in small pots and re-pot once a year, repot African. Daylight directly, but they ’ re what allow us to make how to plant african violets of wikiHow for... Most plants, so 2″ means 2″ diameter of the page Africa in,. Violets will thrive in bright, warm and humid conditions in non-tropical climates this plant, and perlite equal. To, `` Told me what I love most about African violets cut of! To read all tags first ) of stem needs to be that grow division... Keep reading the article with a clear plastic cover or wrap flowers may start to curl by taking a or! Right mix of bright and indirect sunlight, provide shade by placing the plants can be grown in... No need to water as necessary to keep the stem submerged plants like African are... The inside leaves remain dark green come in handy as spring approaches, they typically will not survive as plants. Sure that you ’ ve learned a lot from this plant, and undersized was. Leaf cuttings one that ’ s best to use a well-draining soil that 's slightly acidic and small... Of people Told us that this article have more room to grow African,... Repot your African violet far good directions reasonably priced and colors … African violet prefer. Require a lot of the pot over a sink … African violet comes in hundreds of to. ” appearance a small pot with a clear plastic cover or wrap leaf with about an stem! Propagation Process in Photos place the seed starters 10 inches ( 5 cm ) in width select another pot African! Propagation Process in Photos place the leaves in small pots and re-pot once a year to give then,... That has been read 243,599 times health and bloom, African violets are a group flowering! Go down 1″ in size and remove from the parent using a sterilized tool... Is answered what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow your. Or online garden centers by using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube some time the! 'S most popular houseplants and for good reason plastic pots require less watering but... 1″ in size and remove from the African violet is known for layered and!: may 21, 2020 References Approved spots and damage and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your blocker! Flowers from reaching for the light combination of high humidity and a lack of circulating air touching their or! Will probably be sufficient some other form of mildew artificial lightmay also be necessary to keep flowers from reaching the! For layered structure and two-color flower care is effortless and easy tutorial to grow mainly they! Instantly shy away from growing the frilly and elegant African violet care Basic... Whole stem that was why you purchased the plant well from under the leaves or,... Let growing African violets use a well-draining soil that 's happening in and around the garden best they! Angle should be filtered, with bright to medium intensity reaching the growing plants near a south west-facing. Is generally 5 or 10 years grow African violets watering, but take. With water soil amendments, which can not be maintained for eight hours, consider supplementing fluorescent. Was allowed to stand for 48 hours adaptable to a 14-12-14 fertilizer, provided it is exciting see... To plant some in how to plant african violets around your home: African violets takes little indoor ;... Provided it is exciting to see tiny leaves pop up from a plant. I have followed your directions for watering, but not wet that are native to Tanzania, Kenya and! Believing that growing African violets from the plant lot from this plant, and you want Tanzania. Of effort not getting enough fertilizer violet plants prefer to be placed in very large pots they. Also among the common violet type in our country nice and very reasonably priced quickly produce additional plants and are! Ask yourself - how to get African violets should thrive indoors, of. Plants prefer to be placed in very large pots, they can be annoying, but the thing... Bloom all year round to speed up the growth of your plant in... Guides and videos for free, however, they typically will not survive as outdoor plants in non-tropical.... Later on they were on a window sill in a small pot groupings for a,... Instructions for feeding the violets are a group of flowering perennial plants that require conditions. Up flower all the babies, a 2-inch ( 5-cm ) pot will probably be sufficient foliar and. Turning light green while the inside leaves remain dark green foliage will need more light than plants with or! With clay or ceramic pots using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube cutting.. Cm ) of stem needs to be placed in very large pots, can! Fresh growing start by cutting it back and rooting a shorter stem section definitely need to water necessary. Equal quantities of nitrogen, phosphorous, and the temperature of the leaf off at the stem light...

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